Equipments

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  • Catalyst Synthesis Workstation Brand: Chemspeed,
    Model: CSW
    Catalyst Synthesis Workstation Catalyst Synthesis Workstation of Chemspeed, called I-Synth, allows the simultaneous and automated synthesis of 12 catalyst materials by impregnation, precipitation or sol-gel. All these actions can be executed in one automated run resulting in samples ready for testing.
  • Avantium Flowrence Brand: Avantium,
    Model: Flowrence
    Avantium Flowrence The Flowrence system® provides small-scale fixed-bed reactors to perform simultaneous testing of 16 catalytic material samples in a broad range of applications that operate in gas, vapour and trickle phases. On-line GC analysis is installed for fast data retrieval, like conversion, yield and selectivity of the reaction.
  • High throughput slurry-phase batch or semi-batch reactor system Brand: Amtech,
    Model: SPR16
    High throughput slurry-phase batch or semi-batch reactor system Amtech SPR16 is a slurry phase batch or semi-batch reactor system featuring 16 independently controlled batch autoclaves and unique liquid sampling under process conditions. Typical applications are the study of heterogeneous and homogeneous multiphase batch catalytic processes.
  • High Throughput Planetary Mill Brand: Fritsch,
    Model: Pulverisette
    High Throughput Planetary Mill This system allows many samples to be milled or grinded at the same time with 32 samples at once being possible. The equipment can also be used to produce mixed oxides samples, mixed to the nanoscale.
  • In situ  Easymax Brand: Mettler Toledo,
    Model: Easymax
    In situ Easymax ​The EasyMax Advanced synthesis workstation allows chemists and engineers to develop and optimize new synthetic routes, increase the speed of development and reduce cost. The EasyMax 102 Advanced delivers high quality data and provides key information throughout the course of an experiment. This workstation replaces round bottom flasks and jacketed lab reactors with working volumes between 0.5mL-100mL. The compact solid-state thermostat covers a temperature range from -40 °C to 180 °C and does not require cumbersome oil or ice baths, or bulky cryostats.
  • In situ ReactIR  Brand: Mettler Tolledo,
    Model: ReactIR
    In situ ReactIR In situ reaction monitoring tracks concentration changes of key reactive and transient species to understand mechanism pathway, determine kinetics and detect major reaction events. ReactIR 45m is a real-time, in situ mid-infrared based system designed to study reaction progression and provide specific information about reaction initiation, conversion, intermediates and endpoint. The reactor uses a specially designed optical fiber equipped with an ATR sensor at the tip to channel the signal from the IR source to reaction media and back to the MCT detector.
  • In situ Multimax Brand: Mettler Tolledo,
    Model: Multimax
    In situ Multimax This system can be used to study in batch mode heterogeneous catalytic reactions when liquid, gas, and solid phases are simultaneously present. It can operate 4 reactors simultaneously at temperatures from -80 to 190 °C and pressures up to 100 barg. Integrated IR-ATR sensors located at the bottom of the reactor vessel are used to follow the IR of the slurry as function of reaction. Using IR to follow the reaction should allow the study of the reaction kinetics with the required time resolution.
  • In situ  Diffuse Reflectance spectroscopy (DRIFT) Brand: Thermo Scientific,
    Model: Nicolet 6700
    In situ Diffuse Reflectance spectroscopy (DRIFT) In-situ Diffuse Reflectance spectroscopy is used for studying the surface of solid catalysts in-situ or operando. This experiment allows to detect the surface intermediates that can form during catalytic reaction, and hence can shed more lights into the reaction mechanism. This system is equipped with reaction cells that can be operated under a wide range of temperatures (from -193 to 900 °C) and pressures up to 10 bar.
  • Batch reactor Brand: Buchi,
    Model: Midiclave, KiloClave, Polyclave
    Batch reactor Batch reactors are generally used to test solid catalysts in the presence of both gaseous and liquid reactants. These reactors are used for testing catalysts for the first time in their life and check their performance. These are generally operated in closed system and can be operated at temperatures up to 500 °C and pressures up to 100 bar.
  • Gas Flow reactors Brand: PID Eng & Tech,
    Model: Microactivity Catalytic Reactor
    Gas Flow reactors Isothermal Fixed bed flow reactors are used as laboratory scale reactors for catalytic screening and kinetic studies of different solid catalysts for gas phase reactions. These are generally operated under dynamic conditions, whereby the reactants are continuously fed to the reactor and products are continuously collected for analysis. These are very important tools for developing new catalysts candidates for industrially important processes.
  • Glovebox Brand: MBRAUN,
    Model: MB Labmaster SP (1500/780)
    Glovebox Gloveboxes are used to handle air sensitive compounds and are filled with inert gases (argon or nitrogen). Their atmosphere is of very high purity and allow to load and unload vessels for the preparation, the characterization of the catalytic screening of highly reactive compounds.
  • Zeta Sizer Nano Series, Mastersizer 2000 Brand: Malvern,
    Model: ZEN3600, APA2000
    Zeta Sizer Nano Series, Mastersizer 2000 Dynamic Light Scattering and Static Light Scattering techniques preformed by ZEN 3600 instruments utilize “red” laser of 632.8 nm wavelength of 4 mW strength to obtain particle size distribution, zetapotential, point of zero charge as well as molecular weight distribution. Particle size (hydrodynamic diameter) between 0.6 nm up to 6 μm can be measured, molecular weight in the range of 1000 to 2*107 Da (with a minimum volume of 12 μL) and zetapotential for particles in the size range of 5 nm to 10μm (minimum sample volume 150 μL).
  • Surface Area and Porosity Analyser – Physisorption Brand: Micromeritics Instrument Corporation,
    Model: ASAP 2420
    Surface Area and Porosity Analyser – Physisorption Surface Area and Porosity Analyser dedicated to Physisorption is an adsorption analysis technique that allows determination of surface area, pore volume and pore size distribution by incremental addition of an non-reactive adsorptives (N2, Ar, Kr, CO2) at liquid nitrogen or argon temperatures to a previously degassed porous solid material. ASAP 2420 consist of two independent instruments: one to degas the samples and other to analyze the samples. Degas system can independently degas 12 samples, samples may be added or removed from degas ports with a minimum disturbance to other samples. Maximum degas temperature is 450 °C.
  • Surface Area and Porosity Analyser – Chemisorption Brand: Micromeritics Instrument Corporation,
    Model: ASAP 2020
    Surface Area and Porosity Analyser – Chemisorption Surface Area and Porosity Analyser dedicated to Chemisorption is an adsorption analysis technique that allows determination of properties such as metal dispersion, metal surface area, heat of chemical adsorption, strong and weak chemisorption, crystallite size of a catalyst. These properties are accessed by high vacuum pretreatment of solid sample and measurement of the pressure above the sample when submitting to incremental gas (H2, CO..) additions. ASAP 2020 consist of two independent vacuum systems that allow simultaneous preparation of two samples and analysis of another.
  • Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) Brand: Mettler Toledo,
    Model: DSC 1
    Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is used to study the response of different materials while exposed to variable temperature. Properties such as thermal capacity, enthalpy and glass transition temperature can be accessed. Materials can be studied from -150 °C up to 500 °C under inert (N2, Ar..) or oxidizing (Air, O2,..) gasses. Installed autosampler equipped with automatic pan lid removal and automatic pan piercing accelerates measurement of multiple samples (turntable can accommodate up to 34 sample pans).
  • Thermal Analysis by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA/DSC)  coupled with FTIR Brand: Mettler Toledo, Thermo Scientific,
    Model: TGA/DSC1, Nicolet iS10 and Nicolet iZ10
    Thermal Analysis by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA/DSC) coupled with FTIR Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) is used to study the response of different materials while exposed to variable temperature and gas environment. Temperatures up to 1100 °C can be reached. Reaction gasses that can be applied are inert (N2, Ar,..) and oxidizing gasses (Air, O2,..) as well as diluted hydrogen (4% H2 in for example Argon). Properties such as mass change and relatively large enthalpy changes can be measured. TGA instruments in our possession are actually Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) instruments capable of measuring both TGA as well as Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) signal.
  • Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Brand: Netzsch, Mettler Toledo,
    Model: STA 499 F1 Jupiter, TGA/DSC 1
    Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) is used to study the response of different materials while exposed to variable temperature and gas environment. Temperatures up to 1600 °C can be reached. Reaction gasses that can be applied are inert (N2, Ar,..) and oxidizing gasses (Air, O2,..) as well as diluted hydrogen (4% H2 in for example Argon). Properties such as mass change and relatively large enthalpy changes can be measured.
  • Raman spectrometer Brand: StellarNet Inc,
    Model: Custom 405, 532, 785 nm
    Raman spectrometer Raman spectrometer is a device that provides identification and quantitation information for the sample. The spectroscopy results from inelastically scattering when incident light (laser) interact with the vibrational energy levels. It is plotted with respect to the frequency and the band positions as a print finger for different functional group.
  • Solar simulator Brand: Peccell,
    Model: PEC-L15
    Solar simulator A solar simulator is a source of light that provides illumination close to natural sunlight under laboratory condition. The most common source of light is xenon arc lamps and the filters are applied to match the sun light spectra. Photodiode is used to verify the intensity of the solar simulator at sample position corresponds to the desired value (1000W/m2, 1sun at AM1.5).
  • Ion Chromatography Brand: Dionex,
    Model: ICS-1600
    Ion Chromatography Ion chromatography is a chromatography process which separates ions and polar molecules based on their affinity to the ion exchanger. 17 different anions such as sulfide, fluoride, thiocyanate, can be detected by conductivity (electronic conductor) or UV-vis light absorbance (UV detector).
  • X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) Brand: AMICUS KRATOS ANALYTICAL,
    Model: ESCA 3400
    X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is a surface-sensitive quantitative spectroscopic technique that measures the elemental composition at the parts per thousand range, empirical formula, chemical state and electronic state of the elements that exist within a material. XPS spectra are obtained by irradiating a material with a beam of X-rays while simultaneously measuring the kinetic energy and number of electrons that escape from the top 0 to 10 nm of the material being analyzed. XPS requires high vacuum.
  • Balance Brand: Mettler Toledo,
    Model: Excellence Plus
    Balance Balances are used to take the weight of a given sample of materials, from starting reagents to final products. Apart from the typical balance apparatus, these scales are surrounded by a clear box to help make accurate measurements of all types of samples. The doors of the box are equipped with motion sensors to allow for easy opening and closing.
  • Langmuir-Blodgett system Brand: Biolin Scientific,
    Model: KSV NIMA
    Langmuir-Blodgett system A Langmuir–Blodgett system is a laboratory apparatus that is used to compress monolayers of molecules on the surface of a given subphase (usually water) and measures surface phenomena due to this compression. It can also be used to deposit single or multiple monolayers on a solid substrate.
  • Thermal evaporator Brand: Normvac,
    Model: VCM 600 V2
    Thermal evaporator Thermal evaporation is a common method of thin-film deposition. The source material is evaporated in a vacuum. The vacuum allows vapor particles to travel directly to the target object (substrate), where they condense back to a solid state. Evaporation is used in microfabrication, and to make macro-scale products such as metallized plastic film.
  • Atomic Layer deposition system (ALD) Brand: SUGA,
    Model: SAL 3000
    Atomic Layer deposition system (ALD) Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is a thin film deposition technique that is based on the sequential use of a gas phase chemical process. ALD is considered a subclass of chemical vapour deposition. The majority of ALD reactions use two chemicals, typically called precursors. These precursors react with the surface of a material one at a time in a sequential, self-limiting, manner. Through the repeated exposure to separate precursors, a thin film is slowly deposited. ALD is a key process in the fabrication of semiconductor devices, and part of the set of tools available for the synthesis of nanomaterials.
  • X-Ray Powder Diffractometer (XRD) Brand: BRUKER,
    Model: D8 Advance
    X-Ray Powder Diffractometer (XRD) X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) is a rapid analytical technique primarily used for phase identification of a crystalline material and can provide information on unit cell dimensions. The analyzed material is finely ground, homogenized, and average bulk composition is determined.
  • Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer Brand: ADANI,
    Model: CMS 8400
    Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) or electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy is a technique for studying materials with unpaired electrons. EPR is a sensitive, specific method for studying both radicals formed in chemical reactions and the reactions themselves.
  • Photocatalytic glass reactor system Brand: Custom made from Makuhari Rikagaku Glass Inc.,
    Model: Homemade design
    Photocatalytic glass reactor system The custom designed photocatalytic reactor uses a top-down irradiation system where the photocatalytic reaction is performed in a recirculating batch reactor connected to a gas chromatography (GC) unit equipped with a vacuum line. The reactor allows for control of pressure and temperature while accurately measuring the products formed from the photocatalytic reaction.
  • Gas chromatograph (GC) Brand: Shimadzu,
    Model: GC-8A
    Gas chromatograph (GC) Gas chromatograph is a common type of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized without decomposition. Typical uses of GC include testing the purity of a particular substance, or separating the different components of a mixture (the relative amounts of such components can also be determined). In some situations, GC may help in identifying a compound.
  • FTIR Spectrometer Brand: Perkin Elmer,
    Model: Spectrum 100
    FTIR Spectrometer The FTIR spectrometer is used to analyze solid catalyst samples during reaction conditions for gas phase reactions. It provides vibrational information about chemically bonded surface reaction intermediates which can give insight into the catalytic reaction mechanism. It can also be used to study liquid samples using an ATR-IR attachment.
  • Micro-Ultracentrifuge Brand: Thermo Scientific,
    Model: SORVALL MTX 150
    Micro-Ultracentrifuge Micro-ultracentrifuge offers powerful separation technology in a quiet, compact, easy-to-use benchtop design that combines advanced functionality, rotor management and controlled access in a footprint that is 20% smaller than other benchtop models. It can reach maximize of 150,000 rpm in just 80 seconds with self-locking rotor system and automatically secures the rotor to the drive shaft.
  • Spectrofluorometer Brand: Horiba scientific,
    Model: Fluoro-max-4
    Spectrofluorometer The Horiba FluoroMax® 4 spectrometer is a powerful tool for measuring fluorescence of solids, liquids, powders and thin films. The instrument is easy to use and is controlled by FluorEssenceTMsoftware.
    The sample is illuminated by a 150 W xenon, continuous output, and ozone-free lamp. The excitation monochrometer has an optical range of 220 – 600 nm blazed at 330 nm. The emission monochromator has an optical range of 290 – 850 nm blazed at 500 nm. The slit widths may be continuously adjusted though the software. The FluoroMax 4 has two detectors.

  • Spectrophotometer Brand: Perkin Elmer,
    Model: Lambda 45
    Spectrophotometer This spectrophotometer is used for transmittance and absorbance measurements on liquids samples, regulatory tests requiring variable resolution, and highly light-scattering samples. The additional pre-monochromator reduces stray light by a factor of 2, providing optimum performance for turbid and light-scattering samples, such as some biological solutions and suspensions.
  • pH meter Brand: Mettler Toledo,
    Model: SevenGo Duo
    pH meter The pH of aqueous solutions is measured by the pH meter. The pH meter is equipped with an electrode, potential of which is monitored for determination of pH. All the pH measurements are usually carried out at room temperature (298 K) and ambient pressure (1 atm).
  • Potentiostat Brand: Bio-Logic SA,
    Model: VMP3
    Potentiostat The potentiostat is used for liquid phase electrochemical performance evaluation of various materials and kinetics/mass-transport studies. These are usually operated under ambient pressure conditions with controlling temperature when needed, and current-potential relationships are recorded by the instrument for the analysis.
  • Gas Flow reactors Brand: PID Eng & Tech,
    Model: Microactivity Catalytic Reactor
    Gas Flow reactors Isothermal Fixed bed flow reactors are used as laboratory scale reactors for catalytic screening and kinetic studies of different solid catalysts for gas phase reactions. These are generally operated under dynamic conditions, whereby the reactants are continuously fed to the reactor and products are continuously collected for analysis.
  • Gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) Brand: Agilent,
    Model: 6850
    Gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) Gas Chromatography is a very common analytical techniques that allow to measure the chemical component of a mixture by heating them and eluting them over columns. Chemicals must be able to vaporize under the pressure and temperature of the GC without decomposition to be analyzed. The operation of the FID is based on the detection of ions formed during combustion of organic compounds in a hydrogen flame.
  • Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) Brand: Agilent,
    Model: 7890A
    Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) Gas Chromatography is a very common analytical techniques that allow to measure the chemical component of a mixture by heating them and eluting them over columns. Chemicals must be able to vaporize under the pressure and temperature of the GC without decomposition to be analyzed. GC can be coupled with mass spectrometer that can analyzed continuously the gas phase and can determined the mass of the substrates. GCMS allows to separate and identify quickly a wide range of organic compounds.
  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectrometers Brand: Thermo Scientific,
    Model: Nicolet 6700
    Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectrometers FTIR spectrometer measure how well a sample absorbs light over a range of wavelength. Many sampling techniques are available (ATR, DRIFT, transmission) and allow to perform analysis on powder, liquid or even gases. In situ experimental setup are particularly relevant to understand the behavior of catalysts under the catalytic working conditions as substrates, product and catalyst fragment can be monitored.
  • Gloveboxes Brand: MBRAUN,
    Model: MB Labmaster SP (1500/780)
    Gloveboxes ​Gloveboxes are used to handle air sensitive compounds and are filled with inert gases (argon or nitrogen). Their atmosphere is of very high purity and allow to load and unload vessels for the preparation, the characterization of the catalytic screening of highly reactive compounds.
  • High Vacuum lines Brand: VS Technologies,
    High Vacuum lines High vacuum lines are capable to evacuate specially designed glassware vessels to 10-6 mbar. Their design is based on silicon oil diffusion pump and is robust enough to handle exposure to significant amount of solid, liquid or gases. They are the necessary to prepare solid surface for grafting using surface organometallic chemistry (SOMC) with the highest standard of cleanliness.
  • Ultrasonicator Brand: Branson,
    Model: Digital Sonifier 450
    Ultrasonicator Sonifiers are generally in biological/chemical processing to homogenize mixtures or as cell disrupters. Our system included the sonifier and the S-450D digital ultrasonication processor and allows for a wide variety of settings (up to 10 hours of sonication and power outputs of up to 400 Watts). The instrument also comes with multiple sonication accessories allowing for a different types/sizes of reaction vessels.
  • Glove Box Brand: MBRAUN,
    Model: MB 200B Modular Glove Box Workstation
    Glove Box Gloveboxes are filled with inert gasses to allow users to handle/store air sensitive compounds with relative ease. Their atmosphere is of very high purity and allow users to load and unload vessels for the preparation, easily allow for the addition of a balance (to mass samples under inert conditions) and can be fitted to allow for numerous reactions under these conditions as well.
  • Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) Brand: Agilent Technologies,
    Model: 7820A
    Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) GCMS is used for analysis of many organic compounds. The technique combines gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. The system in our lab is a 5975 Series MSD with a 7820A GC system.
  • Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LCMS) Brand: Agilent Technologies,
    Model: 1260 Infinity LC
    Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LCMS) LCMS is a technique used in organic analysis to separate components of a mixture and analyze each component via mass spectrometry. Our LC system is a coupled 6130 Quadrupole LC/MS system with an LC that has a 600 bar power range, a flow rate of up to 10 mL/min, 80 Hz detector speed up and can be set with different solvents depending on need. Our lab is set up with DMF and THF solvent systems.
  • Dynamic light scattering (DLS) Brand: Malvern,
    Model: Zetasizer Nano ZS
    Dynamic light scattering (DLS) DLS measurements are completed to collected data on size, electrophoretic mobility and zeta potential of nanoparticles is solution. This instrument is capable of enhanced detection due to its two angle particle and molecular size analyzer. It also uses non-invasive back scattering optics (NIBS) and has a microheology option for measuring sample viscosity.
  • NanoSight Brand: Malvern,
    Model: NanoSight LM10
    NanoSight This instrument is equipped with an Orca-Flash 2.8 camera and is used for characterization and determining the size distribution and concentration of nanoparticles (10 nm – 2000 nm in diameter) normally suspended in water.
  • High Pressure Parr Reactor System Brand: High Pressure Parr Reactor System,
    Model: Series 4560 Mini Reactors
    High Pressure Parr Reactor System High pressure reactor systems are used for a number of different purposes including catalytic hydrogenation, polymerization and hydrometallurgical applications. This system is capable of functioning at a variety of temperatures (up to 500 ˚C) and pressures (up to 2000 psi) and, within our lab, is mainly used for the polymerization of gaseous monomers.
  • Lyophilizer Brand: Labconco,
    Model: FreezeZone -105˚C 4.5 Liter Cascade Benchtop Freeze Dry System
    Lyophilizer Lyophilizers are used to remove water from a system. This particular set up is designed for relatively light loads and can remove up to 2.5 liters of water within 24 hours, is set up with 1/3 hp CFC-free refrigeration systems, a moisture sensor, a vacuum control/break valvle and a 12-port stainless steel drying chamber for multiple samples.
  • Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) Brand: Agilent Technologies,
    Model: 1200 Infinity Series
    Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) GPC analysis is used to separate analytes based on their sizes and is usually used to characterize polymers. This system has a 600 bar power range, a flow rate of up to 10 mL/min, 80 Hz detector speed up.