An efficient protocol for the palladium-catalysed Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling

A.N. Marziale, D. Jantke, S.H. Faul, T. Reiner, E. Herdtweck, J. Eppinger
Green Chemistry, 13, 169-177, (2011)

An efficient protocol for the palladium-catalysed Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling

Keywords

Palladacyclic catalyst precursor

Abstract

​The palladacyclic catalyst precursor received by ortho-palladation of ([1,1′-biphenyl]-2-yloxy)diisopropyl-phosphine represents a highly active system for Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reactions when used in neat water. An efficient, broadly applicable and sustainable aqueous protocol was developed using 2.5 eq. of Na2CO3 as base, allowing the reaction to be performed under air and at ambient temperature with Pd loadings of 0.04 mol%. Coupling products are obtained in high yields and excellent purity by simple filtration with no organic solvents needed throughout the whole reaction. A broad variety of functional groups are tolerated and a large number of substrates can be applied with this protocol. The crystal structure of the palladacyclic catalyst precursor is presented as well as investigations targeting the nature of catalyst activation and the active catalytic species.

Code

DOI: 10.1039/C0GC00522C

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