Closed-Loop Polymer Upcycling by Installing Property-Enhancing Comonomer Sequences and Recyclability

X. Liu, M. Hong, L. Falivene, L. Cavallo, E. Y.-X. Chen
Macromolecules, 52, 12, pp. 4570-4578, (2019)

Closed-Loop Polymer Upcycling by Installing Property-Enhancing Comonomer Sequences and Recyclability

Keywords

Upcycling, Recyclability

Abstract

​The concept of upcycling postconsumer plastics into higher-value products is attractive, but the challenges remain to develop a cost-effective upcycling scheme, discover property-enhancing structures, and, most importantly, install recyclability into upcycled plastics to enable a circular lifecycle. Reported herein is a convenient and effective strategy to upcycle polyester, exemplified by poly(glycolic acid) (PGA), via transesterification (TEster) in bioderived, commercially available γ-butyrolactone (BL) that serves as both the solvent and comonomer, which generates sequence-defined copolymer poly(GA-co-BL). Owing to the isolated glycolic sequence present in the copolymer created uniquely by TEster, it exhibits much-enhanced thermal stability (≥44 °C) over both homopolymers or copolymers without such sequences. This upconverted copolymer is chemically recyclable, enabling a complete recovery of pure glycolic acid and BL feedstocks.

Code

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.9b00817

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